“Greenland’s Hand-Sized Wooden Maps Were Used for Storytelling, Not Navigation”

 

 

Left: a wooden map of the East Greenland coast, c. 1885.; Right: umiaq and kayaks, Ammassalik, East Greenland, 1908, by Th. N. Krabbe.

 

“For these seafaring people, geographic knowledge was something remembered and shared through stories and conversations of travels and hunting. “The drawing of charts and maps,” Holm wrote, “was of course quite unknown to the people of [Ammassalik], but I have often seen how clever they were as soon as they grasped the idea of our charts. A native from Sermelik, called Angmagainak, who had never had a pencil in his hand and had only once visited the East coast, drew a fine chart for me covering the whole distance from Tingmiarniut to Sermiligak, about 280 miles.” They also provided him with incredibly detailed descriptions of terrain, flora and fauna, and, in some cases, local weather patterns and lunar and solar cycles. To pass some of this knowledge on to the curious, acquisitive Holm, one hunter presented him with a set of unusual maps that have been, by turns, overlooked, discounted, misunderstood, and, eventually, admired.”

Left: a wooden map of islands off the East Greenland coast, c. 1885; Right: ice field, Ammassalik, East Greenland, 1908, by Th. N. Krabbe.

“But woodcarving was a common activity among the Tunumiit and Holm mentions that carving maps was not out of the ordinary. The Inuit people have used carvings in a certain way—to accompany stories and illustrate important information about people, places, and things. A wooden relief map, would have functioned as a storytelling device, like a drawing in the sand or snow, that could be discarded after the story was told. As geographer Robert Rundstum has noted, in Inuit tradition, the act of making a map was frequently much more important than the finished map itself. The real map always exists in one’s head. Though the maps themselves are unique, the sentiments and view of the world they represent were universal to the culture that made them.”

 

…Much more including annotated manipulatable 3-d models on this great post from Atlas Obscura.

“46,656 Words or Sentences Represented with 6 colors, 1862”

reblogging Ben Katchor:

from A. F. Ward’s Universal System of Semaphoric Color Signals, 1862

“A Novel and Original Invention, by which 46,656 words or sentences can be represented with six colors, intended as A Medium of Communication between all Nations, and Applicable to any Language; also adapted to sound and night signals, by which communications may be made at all-seasons, without regard to weather.”

 

via benkatchor

Project Ethel (27.05.14 – 07.01.16): Pages 27-32

Notebook Ethel, Spread Twenty-Seven. Notes and workings for particle interactions on a surface in Autodesk Maya. 🌊 🔬 💥
Notebook Ethel, Spread Twenty-Seven. Notes and workings for particle interactions on a surface in Autodesk Maya. 🌊 🔬 💥
riggingOne
Notebook Ethel, Spread Twenty-Eight. Mind map in rigging, to help understanding of animation process ahead of projects with prehistoric reconstruction. 🕷 🦕 📓
Notebook Ethel, Spread twenty-nine. Garbage writing, cars in car parks and the view from the rear window at South Parade. 🚗 ✍️ 📓
Notebook Ethel, Spread twenty-nine. Garbage writing, cars in car parks and the view from the rear window at South Parade. 🚗 ✍️ 📓
Notebook Ethel, Spread Thirty. Garbage writing, unfinished Fudge story with thumb nail illustrations. ✍️🖼💀
Notebook Ethel, Spread Thirty. Garbage writing, unfinished Fudge story with thumb nail illustrations. ✍️🖼💀

Notebook Ethel, Spread Thirty-One. Garbage writing, short stories and illustrations. 👹 ✍️ 📓
Notebook Ethel, Spread Thirty-One. Garbage writing, short stories and illustrations. 👹 ✍️ 📓
Notebook Ethel, Spread Thirty-Two.
Mind map on rigging models in Maya and drawing of snacking child (artist included).
🧒 🕷 📓

Earliest known drawing found on rock in South African cave

Researchers believe the pattern on the fragment of rock is 73,000 years old, but are perplexed as to what it might represent

“Archaeologists found the marked stone fragment as they sifted through spear points and other material excavated at Blombos cave in South Africa. It has taken seven years of tests to conclude that a human made the lines with an ochre crayon 73,000 years ago.

“The simple red marks adorn a flake the size of two thumbnails which appears to have broken off a grindstone cobble used to turn lumps of ochre into paint powder. The lines end so abruptly at the fragment’s edges that researchers believe the cross-hatches were originally part of a larger design drawn on the cobble.

“This is first known drawing in human history,” said Francesco d’Errico, a researcher on the team at the University of Bordeaux. “What does it mean? I don’t know. What I do know is that what can look very abstract to us could mean something to the people in the traditional society who produced it.”

guardian

“Inca Jay” by Andy Thomas (2016)

“Our goal is to create artwork inspired by an expedition to the Amazon rainforest in order to highlight issues related to deforestation.”

see also:

The Codex Rotundus

Great Post on the Codex Rotundus from Book Addiction UK:

Book Addiction

Codex Rotundus 3 fac

The manuscripts and codices which survive from the late 15th century are often large and lavish affairs and usually conform to certain norms in terms of shape. But this curious and unusual little gem, which takes its name ‘Codex Rotundus’ from its unique shape, measures just over 9 centimeters across and is circular.  Its 266 pages are bound along a spine just 3cm long, so small that three clasps are needed to help keep it closed.  Thought to have been rebound in the 17th century, the original clasps which help hold the tiny codex together, were reused. As so many of the manuscripts from this period, it is a devotional text -a lavishly illuminated Book of Hours in Latin and French.

Codex Rotundus 1 fac

Remnants of a coat of arms, which a subsequent owner appears seems to have tried to obliterate, in the first initial ‘D’ suggests that it was created for Adolf of Cleves…

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