Codex Fejérváry-Mayer (Tezcatlipoca)


Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

The Codex Fejérváry-Mayer is an Aztec Codex of central Mexico. It is one of the rare pre-Hispanic manuscripts that have survived the Spanish conquest of Mexico. As a typical calendar codex tonalamatl dealing with the sacred Aztec calendar – the tonalpohualli – it is placed in the Borgia Group. It is a divinatory almanac in 17 sections.Its elaboration is typically pre-Columbian: it is made on deerskin parchment folded accordion-style into 23 pages. It measures 16.2 centimetres by 17.2 centimetres and is 3.85 metres long”


Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

The earliest history of the codex is unknown. It is named after Gabriel Fejérváry (1780–1851), a Hungarian collector, and Joseph Mayer (1803–1886), an English antiquarian who bought the codex from Fejérváry. In 2004 Maarten Jansen and Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez proposed that it be given the indigenous name Codex Tezcatlipoca, from the Nahuatl name of the god Tezcatlipoca (who is shown, with black-and-yellow facial striping, in the centre of its first page), although it is not certain that its creators were Nahuas.
It is currently kept in the World Museum Liverpool in Liverpool, England, having as its catalogue # 12014 M. It is published in Volume 26 of the series Codices Selecti of the Akademische Druck – u. Verlagsanstalt – Graz. It is believed to have originated specifically in Veracruz.”


Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer is an important cultural artifact from the pre-Cortes destruction of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. An Aztec Code from Central Mexico, it is one of very few manuscripts to survive the Spanish conquest. A typical calendar code (onalamatl), including an Aztec world calendar (tonalpohualli) – both part of a larger series of codes called Code Borgija – it’s design is characterized by pre-colombian influence. It’s made of parchment and chamois, and folded like an accordion, stretching over twelve feet long when unfurled.”


Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

The earliest history of the code is wrapped in darkness, it became known as Codex Fejérváry-Mayer after the Hungarian collector (Fejervaryju) and benefactor from Liverpool (Mayer) who acquired the piece. Most experts agree the true name was probably Code Tezcatlipoca, the name of the Nahuatl people’s god.”


Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

Codex Fejérváry-Mayer

via MagicTransistor

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